Caring for your heart includes making small changes in lifestyle and avoiding risk factors to improve heart health. The heart is a muscular organ, situated behind and slightly left to the breast bone. The heart pumps blood through the network of arteries and veins, which are collectively called the cardiovascular system. The group of disorders in the cardiovascular system like hypertension ( high blood pressure), coronary heart disease ( heart attack), cerebrovascular disease( stroke) are called cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Cardiovascular diseases are one of the prominent killers causing one in three deaths worldwide.
What causes coronary heart disease:-
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is caused by the deposition of a waxy substance ( plaque ) in arteries, that carry blood and oxygen to the heart. Due to the deposition of plaque, blood vessels become narrow or sometimes get blocked. The heart can not get proper oxygen and nutrition. Coronary heart disease may lead to a heart attack or heart failure.
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A heart attack usually happens suddenly. The arteries carrying the blood flow to the heart gets blocked. Thus the heart muscles can not get nourishment and oxygen. It results in the death of the heart muscles.
Heart failure is a chronic condition. It happens, due to the weakening of the heart muscles. As a result, the heart can not pump enough blood, carrying nourishment and oxygen to the body parts. It happens slowly with time. However, two-thirds of cases of heart failure are due to heart attacks.
Symptoms of a heart attack:-
- Pain or feeling of pressure in the central chest area.
- Pain and discomfort in body upper parts as the neck, jaws, arms, back, and stomach above the belly button.
- Trouble in breathing
- Nausea, vomiting, the feeling of tiredness, and cold sweating.
Symptoms of heart failure:-
- Breathlessness especially when lying down.
- Wheezing or coughing.
- Fast or irregular heartbeats.
- Swelling around ankles, legs, or stomach areas.
- Weight gain due to fluid retention.
- Excessive fatigue.
- High cholesterol level.
- Family history of the disease.
- Lack of exercise.
- Unhealthy eating pattern.
- Lack of sleep.
- Smoking or chewing tobacco.
What can be done?
Ignorance is a major risk factor. Caring for your heart by, timely consultation, modern medicines, and making suggested and disciplined lifestyle changes like:-
- Morning walks.
- Dietary restrictions.
- Leading a stress-free life.
- Restricting the use of tobacco and alcohol.
- Maintaining healthy B.M.I.
- Regularly checking and controlling blood sugar, blood cholesterol, and Hypertension.
Can lead to caring for your heart health and cardiovascular disease can be controlled.
Please consult your health care provider for treatment.
For public awareness only.