Why drinking too much water not good for health?

Why drinking too much water is not good for health?

In general, a healthy adult needs three to four liters of water per day under normal conditions. which also includes water in food and other drinks. for all the major body functions. Water plays a vital role. But if we are drinking too much water, it is not considered good for our health. Drinking too much water can lead to intoxication and may cause health problems in the long run.

Drinking an optimal quantity of water helps with normal body functions, such as regulating body temperature, flushing out waste substances, and preventing constipation.

Why drinking too much water is not suitable for health?

Why drinking too much water is not good for your health?

We are well aware that water is excreted mainly through the urinary system, It is filtered from the bloodstream by the kidneys. Our kidneys have the capacity to filter water from 800 ml. to 1000 ml. per hour. When we drink too much water, it can not be filtered out and accumulates in our body cells. This results in the swelling of body cells. Body cells are surrounded by a balanced solution of sodium and water. Drinking too much water results in a disturbed balance between water and sodium. leading to the depletion of sodium levels, causing hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is a condition in which sodium levels in the body become dangerously low. Hyponatremia is the main cause of concern for drinking too much water. Acute hyponatremia can lead to severe health conditions like cerebral edema, brain disease, cardiopulmonary arrest, seizure, coma, and even death in extreme cases.

What happens to your body when you drink too much water?

What happens to your body on drinking too much of water
What happens to your body on drinking too much water

Drinking too much water, then your body’s requirements—can lead to overhydration. Water accumulates in our cells during overhydration because our kidneys are unable to excrete it. As a result, body cells swell. Our body’s flexible tissues can handle swollen body cells to some extent. But with the brain being surrounded by the skull, the pressure starts building in the head. In the early stage, it may cause heaviness, confusion, or drowsiness. But if the pressure continues to build, it can lead to a risk of brain damage, coma, and death.

What can cause overhydration? And what are its effects on health?

What overhydration can cause
What are the consequences of overhydration?

Overhydration can be caused due to following reasons:-

Increased water intake: When you drink too much water, then your body is capable of excreting it. It leads to overhydration. There are certain health conditions and medicines that can increase water intake, Like:-

  • Schizophrenia
  • Diuretics
  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • M.D.M.A. (3,4- methylenedioxy-methamphetamine) also known as ecstasy.

Retaining more water: Due to certain health conditions, the kidneys are unable to excrete the required quantity of water from the body. which results in the retention of more water in the body. The following are a few health conditions that can lead to the retention of water in our bodies.

Both of the above types can lead to overhydration- leading to hyponatremia.

How much water is too much in a day?

Drinking too much water is not good for your health

The amount of water required varies from person to person. It depends on age, sex, activity level, and health conditions. There is no such formula for optimum water intake. However, the Institute of Medicine has suggested guidelines for optimum water intake. They suggested that a healthy adult should drink an average of 78–100 ounces (about 9–13 cups) of fluids daily. On average, more than 100 ounces per day can be considered too much to drink under normal conditions.

What are the signs and symptoms of drinking too much water?

How can one judge that too much water is being consumed, which is not good for health? One of the simple indicators can be the color of the urine.

  • Colorless urine means you are overhydrated.
  • Dark yellow color urine is an indicator, that body needs hydration (more water).
  • Lemonade-colored urine indicates- optimum hydration levels.

During the early stages of drinking too much water, symptoms are unrecognizable. But as we continue to drink too much water following symptoms may appear:-

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Changes in a mental state like- confusion or disorientation.

Overhydration, if left untreated, may lead to low levels of sodium in the blood (hyponatremia). Which can cause severe symptoms like-

  • Weakness in muscles, cramps, or spasms
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness
  • Coma

However, severe water intoxication is rare. Its chances are higher in people who have kidney dysfunction.

How is excessive dehydration treated?

Overhydration (too much water) in the body is treated under medical supervision, as per the symptoms and the health condition that is causing it. Some of the treatments can be:-

  • Reducing fluid intake.
  • Taking a diuretic to enhance the amount of urine.
  • Treating the health condition that is responsible for overhydration.
  • Replacing medicine- causes overhydration.
  • Optimizing sodium levels through medications or diet.

Thus, water is a main source of life. It must be consumed optimally, quench our thirst, and perform various body functions normally.

Wishing all to be in a healthy state. For treatment, please consult your healthcare advisor.

for awareness purposes only.

Surinder Bhalla.

Surinder Bhalla

Blogger & Marketing Consultant

40+ Years of experience in the healthcare industry. Modern medicine and Ayurveda

Maansi Survival Aid Foundation.

Maansi Survival Aid Foundation is committed to serving ailing humanity. We promote healthy living and Ayurvedic concepts through our blogs. We organize free health camps. Have 40+years of experience in the health care industry (Modern medicine & Alternate medicine).

This Post Has 2 Comments

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.