The risk of heart disease in patients with diabetes is double in comparison to those patients, who do not suffer from diabetes. Diabetes and heart disease both are lifestyle diseases. To reduce heart disease risk in diabetes, certain lifestyle changes can be made, and the best part is by making lifestyle changes, heart disease, and diabetes both can be controlled. Diabetes may lead to conditions that are risk factors for heart disease like high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels. Consistent high glucose levels in the blood due to diabetes may lead to narrowing of blood vessels, due to deposition of bad cholesterol (LDL). Narrowed blood vessels may block the blood flow carrying oxygen and nutrients to different parts of the body. If the blood supply to the heart is blocked, it may lead to a heart attack. If the supply to the brain is stopped, it may lead to stroke. And if the supply to kidneys is blocked, it may lead to kidney failure.
The heart is a muscular organ, situated behind and slightly left to the breast bone. The heart pumps blood through the network of arteries and veins, which are collectively called the cardiovascular system. The group of disorders in the cardiovascular system like hypertension ( high blood pressure), coronary heart disease ( heart attack), cerebrovascular disease( stroke) are called cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Cardiovascular diseases are one of the prominent killers causing one in three deaths worldwide. For more details about heart diseases (What are signs and symptoms of heart disease?), please click on the link- https://maansisurvivalaidfoundation.com/heart-disease-signs-and-symptoms/
Diabetes is a lifestyle disease. It is caused due to high glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body. It is obtained from the food we eat. Our digestive system contains the pancreas, which releases a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps control blood glucose levels. It also helps, cells to utilize glucose for the formation of energy for different body activities. When the body does not form enough insulin, the glucose level in the blood increases. Long term presence of higher levels of glucose in the blood causes diabetes. For more details about diabetes ( What are early signs and symptoms of diabetes? ), please click on the link – https://maansisurvivalaidfoundation.com/what-are-the-early-signs-and-symptoms-of-diabetes/
How to reduce heart disease risk in diabetes?
Diabetes is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. App. 80% of people with diabetes die due to heart disease. The risk for patients with diabetes to die from heart disease is two to six times more than patients without diabetes. Patients with diabetes have abnormal cholesterol levels, which raises the risk of cardiovascular diseases. For more details about Cholesterol Good or Bad. Please click on the link – https://maansisurvivalaidfoundation.com/cholesterol-good-or-bad/ Diabetic patients tend to develop heart disease at a younger age, than people who do not suffer from diabetes. By taking care of diabetes, we can reduce heart disease risk. By adopting certain day to day changes in our lifestyle, we can manage diabetes and can keep heart and blood vessels healthy. The following few suggestions can help to reduce heart disease risk in diabetes.
Exercise:- Making exercise a daily routine and leading an active life helps a lot in controlling diabetes and can reduce heart disease risk. Exercise helps in overcoming risk factors for heart disease like- controlling weight, lowering high blood pressure, lowering harmful cholesterol (LDL) and raising good cholesterol (HDL), strengthening muscles and bones, reducing stress levels, and lowering blood glucose levels. It helps in controlling insulin resistance, by increasing body sensitivity towards insulin. It also induces a sense of well-being.
Managing Stress levels:- Prolonged high levels of stress may lead to an increase in blood pressure- A precursor to heart disease. High blood pressure over time may cause damage to blood vessels and nerves. By managing stress levels, optimum blood pressure levels can be achieved. For more details, about how to cut down stress levels, please click on the link https://maansisurvivalaidfoundation.com/how-to-cut-down-stress-levels/
Quitting Smoking:- Smoking is injurious to health is a known fact. Diabetic patients are at higher risk if they are smoking. Smoking causes major damage to the heart and blood vessels. It contains nicotine that raises blood pressure. High blood pressure causes damage to blood vessels and nerves. Which can cause damage to kidneys, eyes, limbs, etc. Quitting smoking can help to reduce heart disease risk in diabetes.
Healthy Eating Habits:- Consuming a healthy diet can help a lot in controlling our diabetes and can reduce heart disease risk. Our meals should contain a balanced mix of fruits, vegetables, proteins, fats, and starch. We should avoid sugar-sweetened beverages, diets rich in sodium and trans fats. Prefer whole grains over white bread, fish or chicken over red meat, and low-fat dairy products over whole milk.
Almonds can help to lower the risk.
As per a study – Eating tree nuts such as almonds may help to reduce the risk of heart disease in adults with type- 2 diabetes.
The study further showed diabetic patients who consumed 5 servings/week had an app. 17% lower risk of incidence of cardiovascular disease as compared to those who ate one or fewer servings per week. (One serving is equal to one ounce or 28 gms).
Almonds are beneficial for heart health in diabetic patients, besides consumption, providing other benefits. The study, further demonstrated that diabetic patients who consumed 5 servings/ week have app.:-
- 20% lower risk of coronary heart disease.
- 34% reduced risk of cardiovascular death.
- 31% reduced risk of death from all cases.
Other benefits of Almonds consumption are:-
- Almonds are rich in antioxidants, which can protect cells from oxidative damage a major contributor to aging and diseases.
- Almonds are the best source of Vit- E.
- Almonds contain magnesium, therefore, helps in controlling blood pressure.
- Almonds can lower cholesterol levels.
- Almonds help in weight loss, as consumption of almonds leads to fullness, which helps in lesser calorie intake.
Healthy lifestyle changes can help to reduce heart disease risk in diabetes. Consult your healthcare provider for health checkups and treatment. Regular checkups and following the advice of healthcare provider is the key. Monitor your blood pressure and blood glucose levels at regular intervals.
(For awareness purpose only).